BBA, Ohio University, 1964 BFA, China Art College, 1965 MA, University of Kansas, 1967 MFA, University of Massachusetts, 1970 EDD, University of Massachusetts, 1979
Chinese architecture and landscape architecture; cultural diffusion: Asia and the Americas; three-dimensional design; comparative aesthetics; computer-aided design.
1. Robert D.Ray Asian Gardens, Chinese Cultural Center of America.
2. Tenderness and Terror, a marble sculpture series.
3. Principles of Chinese Architecture and Landscape Architecture: The Order of Human to Human and the Order of Human to Nature.
4. Iowa Giant Panda Research Initiatives.